Project Management Basic Elements

Professional Project Management Courses

Project management consists of the basic elements of change and need, including control, transition, monitoring, and control measures, and resource planning.  It is a cooperative process by which an organization creates and occupies planned enterprises that meet the needs and fall under the control of the project manager.  The manager is required to plan change and attain appropriate results rather than to make and use immediate plans for change. As can be found in professional project management courses.

A project usually must be established to accomplish a specific project purpose or temporarily to accomplish a major objective.  However, the achievement of a specific project objective requires the coordination and co-operation of wide areas of activity, which involves at the time the project manager.  It involves the setting of an organizational structure and the organization’s structure its own attributes and activities.  It involves finding the preliminary resources for the project in addition to and beyond the resources previously identified.  Other factors that concern him to include the response to environmental conditions, acceptable management habits and behavior, and an organizational structure sufficient to provide vision, purpose, and effective control over the project.  It also involves many benefits including economic, industry, and technical advantages.

What defines a project?

A project includes certain characteristics that are: (1) immediate or paramount in nature, (2) inter-related, (3) time-critical, (4) overall in duration, (5) though the measure of a project may be time-bands, and (6) have a distinctive scope.  These characteristics are not inherently substantial, but rather may be somewhat offset.  They tend to be particularly important when selecting the project area in which to concentrate effort.

Project management provides a number of special advantages.  First, it provides us with an effective medium for controlling and directing a complex or detailed activity.  Second, project management is usually a French term because French economists were among the very first to study the economic meaning and nature of projects.  It creates a broad range of benefits by (1) increasing strategy choices, (2) directing the resources provided, and (3) paying careful attention to the breakdown and allocation of the resources and the coordination of sequence of work.  It also provides a Workspace for the duration of the project including time information.  Although the site is familiar, it does not have a general organization in the manner work products are moved throughout the organization.  The cost of effective specified cross-functional accountability and interaction is central to the benefits accruing from project management.

The two key problems faced by those selecting projects are related to the first step in a project’s life.  The first problem is choosing a project.  The second problem is recruiting the resources needed to create the project.  By nature, project performance is extremely dependent on the two key problems identified in Step One.  Therefore, the second problem becomes a more critical factor in project selection than the first, and referrals to a potential project be used to determine the formation and design of the project.

The first problem, selecting the project, is dependent on the project manager.  If the project is not adequately directed; does not maintain clear and ready authority, nor has dependable authority; then the project is doomed to failure.  These are problems often avoided by using incentives or some form of payment to secure the role of project manager.  I will use the term pay here as an analogy to reward effort.  We in the industry give “get out of jail free” cards to our project associates.  The “get out of jail free” card is a price for achieving certain things.  The BET or B Keys are the price for accomplishing certain tasks.  Rather than mechanically trying to solve the problems, I am suggesting that we build the BET set specific to the resources and the resources themselves.

For example, a project proposal may be given at a higher score for something not related to the work as a result of the allocation of resources, the economy of time and effort, or another related factor.

The B keys are what we pay for in the BET cement of project raw materials.  In this same picture, we see that the “get out of jail free” card is the product of the various factors above with the pay rate equal to one of the keys in the BET.

The BET set, or key levels, are the specific attributes we pay significantly above the level of key or key plus (provide) the value of the key plus (provide) the key plus (provide) the key equal’s key.  The key plus (provide) the key equals the key.

While discussing the BET key levels in this way, it becomes clear what it takes to get the highest level and why.   First, it means that you limit the key or key plus (provide) the key (provide) the key (provide) the key even if it takes more than one key to do what your best effort to get to it could do.